How Does Gardening Help The Elderly? 

  • Time to read: 5 min.

You may have heard of the numerous benefits of gardening and you are wondering; how does gardening help the elderly? 

how does gardening help the elderly

There is growing evidence that suggests gardening can be of great benefit to the elderly. One study found that participating in horticultural activities resulted in a significant improvement in life satisfaction and mental health for participants. Additionally, gardening can help improve balance and mobility, as well as increase strength and flexibility. For these reasons, it’s no surprise that gardening is often recommended as a form of exercise for seniors. Gardening can also provide opportunities for social interaction, which is important for older adults who may be isolated. By engaging in this activity, elders can enjoy many physical and mental health benefits, making their golden years more enjoyable.

How Does Gardening Help The Elderly?

There’s no doubt that gardening is a great way to get some exercise, but did you know that it can also be helpful for seniors? There are several ways in which gardening can benefit elderly people.

10 Physical Benefits Of Gardening For The Elderly

Gardening requires some physical activity, such as bending, stooping, and walking, which can all lead to:

1. Improved balance and mobility: When gardening, seniors are regularly moving around, which helps improve balance and mobility. This is important for preventing falls, which can be common among the elderly.

2. Increased strength and flexibility: Gardening also helps increase strength and flexibility, as seniors are often bending, kneeling, and reaching to care for their plants. This can help reduce the likelihood of injuries in later life.

3. Reduced stress levels: Gardening can be a relaxing activity, providing a respite from the stresses of everyday life. It can also provide a sense of satisfaction from completing a task.

4. Improved mental health: Spending time outdoors in nature has been linked with improved mental health outcomes. Gardening can provide this opportunity, and also help reduce feelings of loneliness or isolation.

5. Improved sleep quality: The calming effects of gardening can help promote better sleep, which is important for overall health.

6. Increased opportunities for social interaction: Gardening can provide opportunities for social interaction, which is valuable for seniors who may be isolated. This can help reduce feelings of loneliness and improve mental health outcomes.

7. Improved cognitive function: One study found that older adults who participated in horticultural activities had improved cognitive function. This includes benefits such as increased memory and attention span.

8. Enhanced well-being: Overall, gardening can help improve life satisfaction and mental health for seniors. It can provide a sense of purpose and accomplishment, and allow for socialization with others.

9. Increased exposure to Vitamin D: Gardening can provide seniors with increased exposure to Vitamin D, which is important for overall health. This is especially beneficial during the winter months when sunlight is limited.

10. Reduced risk of chronic diseases: In addition to the many mental and physical benefits, gardening can also reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, obesity, and dementia. 

10 Mental Health Benefits Of Gardening For The Elderly?

how does gardening help the elderly

Gardening can provide many benefits for the elderly, including improving mental health. A study published in the journal Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology found that gardening can help improve mood and reduce anxiety and stress levels.

The study found that those who gardened had lower levels of the stress hormone cortisol than those who did not garden. The study also found that gardening was associated with increased levels of serotonin, a chemical that plays a role in regulating mood. Gardening helps the elderly in the following ways:

1. Gardening can help the elderly to stay active and mobile.

2. Gardening can help to ease symptoms of anxiety and depression.

3. Gardening can provide a sense of purpose and satisfaction.

4. Gardening can help to improve cognitive function.

5. Gardening can help to reduce stress levels.

6. Gardening can promote social interactions and bonding.

7. Gardening can provide a source of fresh, healthy produce.

8. Gardening can offer opportunities for moderate exercise.

9. Gardening can boost self-esteem and confidence levels.

10. Gardening can be a lifelong activity that brings enjoyment at any age.

Indoor Gardening Activities For The Elderly

  • Painting or drawing with nature themes: Nature provides a wealth of inspiration, so why not use it in art? Paint or draw scenes from nature, or use natural objects like leaves and flowers to create art pieces.
  • Taking care of a small animal: Caring for a small animal can provide companionship and mental stimulation for seniors. Choose an animal that is low-maintenance and doesn’t require a lot of space.
  • Crafting with natural materials: Many crafting projects can be done with natural materials. Try making a wreath out of leaves, or weaving together twigs and branches.
  • Planting a windowsill garden: A windowsill garden is a great way to add some greenery to indoor spaces. Choose plants that don’t need direct sunlight, and make sure to water them regularly.
  • Creating a nature-themed collage: Gather items from nature, like leaves, stones, and sticks, and use them to create a collage. This can be hung on a wall or displayed in a special place.
  • Drying herbs: Herbs can be dried and used for cooking or crafts. Try hanging them upside down in small bunches, or using a food dehydrator.
  • Making potpourri: Potpourri is a mix of dried plant materials that can be used to add scent and color to indoor spaces. Try using different combinations of herbs, flowers, and fruits to create unique potpourris.
  • Pressing flowers: Pressed flowers can be used in art projects or made into greeting cards. Place flowers between two sheets of wax paper, then use a heavy book to press them flat.
  • Decorating with nature items: Get creative and use nature items to decorate your home. Try filling a glass vase with stones, or hanging dried herbs from the ceiling.

All in all, there are many reasons why gardening is a great activity for seniors. If you know an elderly person who could benefit from gardening, encourage them to give it a try!


Gardening can be a great way for seniors to get exercise, socialize, and improve their overall health. If you’re considering starting a garden, be sure to check with your doctor first to ensure it’s safe for you. Then, get started reaping the many benefits that gardening has to offer!

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